Cocos Island has two bays (Bahía Wafer and Bahía Chatham)
sandy beaches. Inland, the terrain is mountainous with numerous rivers
streams, many of which plunge over the peripheral cliffs in spectacular
The Genio and Pittier rivers are the largest watercourses on Cocos
draining their waters from the mountains of the interior and flowing
Bahía Wafer. The Lievre Creek flows into Bahía Chatham.
Iglesias (2,080') is the highest peak in the island. (see map above)
The Cocos Ridge extends in a
direction from Costa Rica almost to the Galápagos Archipelago,
del Coco being the only portion to appear above sea level.
underwater profile consists of stepwise shelves with almost no
zone and a shallow submerged fringing reef, culminating in sand and
rubble at the edge of a several hundred metres deep trench.
The most important
scuba reefs are located in Punta María, Punta Presidio, Punta
some areas of the Iglesias, Chatham and Wafer Bays.
The southern and southwestern
sectors show the greatest bathymetric variation in the area, with
small islands (such as Dos Amigos, Rafael and Juan Bautista), and a
number of submerged rocks.
|The island is
of volcanic origin consisting of basaltic rock and (tuffacious)
affected by tracheytic intrusions. It presents a rugged relief
by an irregular coastline with cliffs rising almost vertically from a
shore to heights of 600 feet.
Park Facilities and Hours
It has been estimated that Cocos Island Costa Rica receives an annual
of about 1,100 people, mainly concentrated in the period between March
May. Isla del Coco can be reached by launch or small boats from the
of Puntarenas, a journey that takes approximately 36 hours. Easy
can be found in Bahía Wafer and Bahía Chatham, where
are also dining huts and rest areas, and sanitary services and showers.
are two houses for the park's staff, one in Bahía Wafer, and
in Bahía Chatham, satellite telephone at 0087-468712-0010.
The climate at Cocos Island Costa Rica is strongly
by the eastward-flowing Equatorial Counter Current. Tidal amplitude is
6 ft and water temperatures range between 80°F and 85°F. There
is heavy rainfall
throughout the year (about 250 inches) with a short, relatively dry
from January to March.
Other nearby National Parks of Costa Rica include Caño Island Biological